ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ISO 14001:2015 was published on 15th Sept, 2015. The standard sets out the criteria for an environmental management system. It maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective environmental management system. It can be used by any organization, large or small, regardless of its field of activity including manufacturing, services, institutions, health or any other sector. Using ISO 14001:2015 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved.There are more than 300,000 certifications to ISO 14001 in 171 countries around the world. Using ISO 14001 helps in Demonstrating compliance with current and future statutory and regulatory requirements, increased leadership involvement and engagement of employees, improvement in company reputation and the confidence of stakeholders, achieving strategic business aims by incorporating environmental issues into business management, providing a competitive and financial advantage through improved efficiencies and reduced costs, encouraging better environmental performance of suppliers by integrating them into the organization’s business systems.
Energy Management The new ISO 50001:2018 is based on the quality standard ISO 9001 and the environmental standard ISO 14001. This enables organizations to convert their existing energy and environmental management systems into a systematic energy management system:
- Development of a company policy for the more efficient use of energy
- Determination of characteristic values
- Data analysis of energy consumption in all major consumption areas
- Measurement of results
- Continuous monitoring of measures
- Competitive advantages through higher efficiency and lower energy costs
- Higher economic efficiency due to lower energy consumption
- Detailed breakdown of energy consumption in the company
- Identification of potential savings in the energy sector
- Reduction of CO2 emissions
- Conformity with energy policy
- Systematic improvement of processes
- Stronger awareness of energy efficiency among employees and management
Certified Emission Reductions (CER) Clean Development Mechanism Projects The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) constitute one of the market-based mechanisms - emissions trading defined by UNFCCC. CDM are emission reduction investment programs promoted by organizations of industrialized countries implemented on developing countries. CDM projects are mainly applied to energy and waste treatment management industries of the host country, both public and private owned. Once registered, CDM projects generate Certified Emission Reductions (CER’s), also known as carbon credits. A carbon credit is equivalent to one emitted tone of CO2. Carbon credits may be applied in the process of emission offsetting or can be commercialized in line with the current emission trading scheme. Every CDM project shall be validated by an independent entity accredited by the UNFCCC to ensure compliance with CDM requirements. Once the project has been registered, it shall be periodically verified to guarantee that the generated emission values are in line with the ones that were initially defined. BENEFITS
- Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
- Promotion and integration of advanced and clean energies in developing countries
- Guarantee that companies are working in line with the Kyoto Protocol.
- Guarantee the transparency and reliability of the global process of evaluation and registration.
- Encouragement of corporate social responsibility by promoting projects that foster social integration and are responsible with the environment.
ISO 14064 is an independent, voluntary greenhouse gas (GHG) project accounting standard, and is deliberately policy neutral. Whereas the GHG Project Protocol specifies tools and accounting methods, ISO 14064 simply gives general guidance; specific tools or tests can be defined by the GHG program or regulation under which ISO 14064 is used.
The ISO 14064 standard consists of three parts. The first part (14064-1) specifies requirements for designing and developing organization or entity-level GHG inventories. The second part (14064-2) details requirements for quantifying, monitoring and reporting emission reductions and removal enhancements from GHG projects. The third part (14064-3) provides requirements and guidance for the conducting of GHG information validation and verification.
Good GHG management has become critical for organizations, as manybig MNCs are including environmental performance criteria in their procurement process. With independent GHG verification, organizations can publish credible information about their carbon footprint, carbon neutrality and/or reductions.
Also, organizations can compare themselves to their counterparts throughout the world in terms of GHG performance, potentially leveraging their exemplary GHG emission performance into a competitive advantage.