Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

13-10 2021

Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

Depression is a medical disorder affecting your emotions and working skills.

Sickness, anxiety, or hopelessness include symptoms of depression. The illness also might make it hard to think, remember, eat and sleep. Diagnosis of significant depressed diseases, such as sleep problems, lack of interest in activities, or change in appetite, will be accompanied by a feelings of sadness or insecurity for at least two weeks.

Depression can become worse and longer without therapy. It can lead to self-damage or death in certain circumstances. Fortunately, treating the symptoms of depression can be quite successful. In this article, we have compiled the causes of depression and ways to avoid it.


What are the Causes of Depression?

Life Turbulences

Research shows that ongoing problems – long-term unemployment, an abusive or careless relationship, long-term isolation or loneliness, and long-term work stress – are more likely to lead to depression than recent life challenges. Recent circumstances (like your job loss) or a mix of events can nevertheless cause depression as well.


Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

Human Factors

  • Family history – Depression can happen in families and there is an increased hereditary risk for some people. But having a parent or close relative with depression does not automatically guarantee that you will have the same experience. Life and other human situations still have a major influence.
  • Personality — Some people can be at more risk for depression due to their personality, especially if they are concerned, self-esteemed, perfectionists, sensitive to self-criticism, or self-critical and negative.
  • Serious medical condition – The stress and worry of coping with a serious illness can lead to depression, especially if you’re dealing with long-term management and/or chronic pain.
  • Consuming drugs and alcohol – The consumption of drugs and alcohol can result in depression. There are also drug and alcohol problems in many people with depression. More than 500,000 people in Australia have experienced at one point in their lives depression and a substance use disorder.


Changes in Brain Chemistry

While a lot of research has been undertaken in this difficult field, we still don’t know a lot. Depression is not just a consequence of a ‘chemical imbalance,’ for example because certain brain chemistry is enough or too much. It is complicated and the reasons for serious depression are different.

The way your brain regulates your mood may affect factors such as genetic vulnerability, extreme life stress, the medicine that you may take, or the medicine that may influence your brain.

The majority of the current antidepressants help harm the chemicals transmitters in your brain (serotonin and noradrenaline), which carry messages across brain cells. Psychological treatment might help you to control moods as well.

Effective therapy can boost the creation of new nerve cells in circuits which govern your mood, which is believed to be crucial for the recovery from most serious episodes of depression.


Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

1. Banish Stress

There is proof that stress and depression or anxiety are related.

People with depression susceptibility may be more susceptible to development if continuous stress is experienced.

Some people have hereditary characteristics that raise the risk. Others, for example, due to neglect or abuse, can develop vulnerability in their infancy.

A study in 2012 showed that stress affects mental health, life satisfaction, and general health with veterinary students.

Stress cannot always be avoided, but actions can be taken to do this. These include:

  • Sufficient rest and sleep
  • Learning to say ‘no’ to further requests
  • Taking breaks from work through breathing and meditation
  • Obtaining frequent workout
  • Checking with a doctor before taking any supplements or OTCs (On-the-Counter).


Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

2. Working Out

Research reveals that physical activity can work as an antidepressant and specialists recommend physicians to treat it.

A review by 2018 characterizes exercise as an unused depression therapy. It can improve physical and mental well-being, according to the authors.

Some people may find it difficult to start exercising due to depression, yet lack of activities may also exacerbate symptoms.

Those with problems in commencing their exercise should just walk five minutes or attempt another fun activity in the morning and another five minutes in the afternoon. From there, the next several days and weeks will steadily grow.

Current standards propose that the exercise should take 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity, be divided into five minutes, ten minutes, and 30 minutes, etc.


Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

3. Proper Nutrition

A healthy diet can help avoid depression and increase mental wellness. A 2019 study found that dietary modifications can play a role in depression treatment.

  • Green Tea
  • Fresh veggies and fruits
  • Products of soya
  • Healthy oils, for example, olive oil
  • Full-grain
  • Fish

At the same time, the following intakes should be restricted:

  • Red meat and foodstuffs
  • Baked goods premade
  • Trans fats
  • Sugar and sodas
  • Oxidative products

According to the studies, processed foods may have a negative impact on intestinal microbiota, which could raise the risk of depression.


Causes of Depression and How to Avoid Them

4. A Good Sleep Schedule

There is a substantial connection between depression and insomnia, according to this article about sleep disorders, Sleep deficiencies can increase depressive symptoms and are very prevalent.

Here are a few techniques that people might naturally try to increase sleep:

  • Every day, including weekends, go to bed and get up at the same time.
  • Take care to make sure that the room is calm, dark, and comfy.
  • Before bedtime, avoid big foods, coffee, and alcohol.
  • During the day, do physical activity.
  • Switch off digital data 30 minutes before bedtime.
  • Get up again if in 20 minutes you don’t fall asleep.



Every human being is mentally and biologically different which means the causes of depression might differ from one person to another. It’s crucial to realize that the reason for depression or the difficult conditions can’t always be identified. The key is to recognize and acknowledge the situation as a first step and then seek support for treatment.

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