Any food production or food-handling company can apply HACCP and ISO 22000 food safety standards. While ISO 22000 was introduced in 2005, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) was first implemented in the 1980s by scientists working for the Pillsbury Company.
Both of these standards, which deal with food safety risks and controls, are widely implemented at the same time by many businesses. Consequently, it may be difficult to tell the two apart, yet there is a distinct difference.
There were scientists working for the Pillsbury Company who initially came up with the idea of HACCP, which stands for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. This standard’s objective was to provide food that was free of any flaws. Food safety standards and regulations have been the most universally recognized and successful in the world since their implementation in the late 1980s. There is a primary purpose of preventing and successfully controlling any hazards linked with food production. HACCP is based on the following three principles:
Establishing a system to monitor the critical control points and determining the critical control points to control the identified risks are all part of the process of “identifying and assessing the dangers connected with the food product.”
After a number of widespread concerns arose with the development by different food production enterprises of their own food safety standards, ISO 22000 was introduced in 2005. Between HACCP and ISO 22000, there are not many distinctions.
HACCP is designed to keep an eye on potential food safety issues and can be used on its own or in conjunction with other rules. Quality principles are at the heart of the ISO 22000 food safety system, which encompasses all aspects of the supply chain. A risk management tool, HACCP avoids food safety issues from ever arising. As a management system, it enables continuous performance improvement in the food safety and manufacturing process, but it has been transformed into a much broader framework as a result.
It is a legal requirement that businesses in the food industry adhere to HACCP-compliant hygiene standards to ensure food safety. In order to ensure the safety of the food and beverages handled by your firm, you as a food company must go through a thorough inspection process. A HACCP plan must include all conceivable dangers and their corresponding risk management methods.
Because it is based on Codex Alimentarius’ HACCP recommendations and ISO 9001’s management concepts, ISO 22000 has been the food safety standard since 2005. An internationally recognized standard that serves as the basis for an internationally recognized ISO food safety certificate is the goal of this standard. In addition to primary producers, merchants, and supply firms in the packaging and detergent industry, ISO 22000 is applicable to all of these groups.
Unlike HACCP, which is solely concerned with food safety, ISO covers a broader range of topics. The processes and structures of organizations are also taken into account by ISO. Because ISO certification is self-reliant, each organization can decide whether or not to pursue it. HACCP certification is scheduled to be replaced by an ISO 22000 certification in the near future, and many organizations are expected to do so. In the end, ISO is more widely accepted and can be used in conjunction with other ISO standards to achieve maximum efficiency both domestically and internationally.
In its entirety, ISO 22000 might be considered a food safety management system (FSMS). This includes things like goal planning, management evaluation, and establishing good communication channels, both within a company and with outsiders, such as suppliers and regulators, in addition to the specific process of the food. The process also includes the development of a food safety policy and procedures for recalling products if necessary.
The acronym HACCP refers to the process of performing a risk assessment and identifying the most critical control points in a process. Through this procedure, potential threats to food safety such as bacterial or chemical contamination are identified and addressed. The moments in food production or processing where these hazards become an aspect are critical management points. That which directly addresses these threats and establishes methods for monitoring the important management points for variables such as correct temperatures and acceptable levels of cleanliness is HACCP. It is a requirement of HACCP to also maintain accurate records and evidence that the procedures in place are functioning properly.
The ISO 22000 standard is based on the ISO 9000 model, which is a high-quality standard that will be used by businesses of all sizes. It contains the eight quality management principles of QMS 9000, which embody goals like focusing on the customer, involving employees, and making choices based on facts. The portions of ISO 22000 are numerically aligned with those of ISO 9000. According to FSMS 22000, HACCP is an aspect of the seventh section, Design and Realization of Safe Product.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Department of Agriculture (USDA) owe their names to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and ISO 22000, respectively. According to the World Organization for Standardization, FSMS 22000 may be a global standard. Additional international standards, such as the ones set forth by the European Union and the British Retail Association, are incorporated into FSMS 22000.
A HACCP certificate is a legal need in order to ensure the safety of food for customers, according to this conclusion. The Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority keeps tabs on whether or not the rules are being followed (NVWA). Obtaining ISO 22000 certification is not required, but it is a worldwide standard that lends a significant lot of credibility and status. HACCP is the basis for ISO 22000.